Bihar (@6.5) vs West Bengal (@1.33)
25-09-2019

Our Prediction:

West Bengal will win

Bihar – West Bengal Match Prediction | 25-09-2019 02:00

Several regional and panIndian empires throughout Bengal's history have shaped its culture, cuisine, and architecture. By the 18th century, the state was ruled by the Nawabs of Bengal, before being conquered by the British East India Company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.[21][22] Calcutta served for many years as the capital of British India. The region was later administered by the United Kingdom as part of the Bengal Presidency (17571905; 19121947) and Eastern Bengal and Assam Province (19051912) in British India.[23][24] Bengal faced multiple famines and deindustrialization under British Raj.[25][26] The socio-cultural movements of the Bengal Renaissance played an influential role in decolonization and the region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement.[27] In 1947, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, a state of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh.

Part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. The main ethnic group is the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority. West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans. West Bengal is the thirteenth-largest Indian state, with an area of 88,752km2 (34,267sqmi). West Bengal (/bnl/; Bengali: Paschim Banga) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta) the seventh-largest city in India, and center of the third-largest metropolitan area in the country. With over 91million inhabitants (as of 2011), it is India's fourth-most populous state.

Jharkhand

Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers.[201] From the early 1990s, new genres of music have emerged, including what has been called Bengali Jeebonmukhi Gaan (a modern genre based on realism). Shyama Sangeet is a genre of devotional songs, praising the Hindu goddess Kali;[199]kirtan is devotional group songs dedicated to the god Krishna.[200] Like other states in northern India, West Bengal also has a heritage in North Indian classical music. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practiced by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels.[198] Other folk music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya.

The movement had many adherents, including: Gaganendranath Tagore, Ramkinkar Baij, Jamini Roy, and Rabindranath Tagore. Bengal has been in the vanguard of modernism in fine arts. Abanindranath Tagore, called the father of modern Indian art, started the Bengal School of Art, one of whose goals was to promote the development of styles of art outside the European realist tradition that had been taught in art colleges under the British colonial administration. There are significant examples of fine arts in Bengal from earlier times, including the terracotta art of Hindu temples and the Kalighat paintings.

Salt Lake Stadium/Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. It has hosted many national and international sporting events like the SAF Games of 1987 and the 2011 FIFA friendly football match between Argentina and Venezuela featuring Lionel Messi.[259] In 2008 legendary German goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn played his farewell match on this ground.[260] The stadium hosted the final match of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity.[258] Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000.

Demographics

Migratory birds come to the state during the winter.[114] The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet, and kalij pheasants. 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parksSundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park, and Singalila National Park.[108] Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger, and crocodiles, as well as many bird species.

West Bengali films are shot mostly in studios in the Kolkata neighbourhood of Tollygunj; the name "Tollywood" (similar to Hollywood and Bollywood) is derived from that name. The Bengali film industry is well known for its art films, and has produced acclaimed directors like Satyajit Ray who is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century,[203]Mrinal Sen whose films were known for their artistic depiction of social reality, Tapan Sinha who was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time,[204] and Ritwik Ghatak.

Cargo ship service operates to ports in India and abroad, operated by the Shipping Corporation of India. Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. Ferries are a principal mode of transport in the southern part of the state, especially in the Sundarbans area. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks.[156] There is passenger service to Port Blair on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Education

In the 19th and 20thcenturies, Bengali literature was modernised in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works marked a departure from the traditional verse-oriented writings prevalent in that period;[187]Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a pioneer in Bengali drama who introduced the use of blank verse;[188] and Rabindranath Tagore, who reshaped Bengali literature and music. West Bengal has a long tradition of folk literature, evidenced by the Charyapada, a collection of Buddhist mystic songs dating back to the 10th and 11thcenturies; Mangalkavya, a collection of Hindu narrative poetry composed around the 13thcentury; Shreekrishna Kirtana, a pastoral Vaishnava drama in verse composed by Boru Chandidas; Thakurmar Jhuli, a collection of Bengali folk and fairy tales compiled by Dakshinaranjan Mitra Majumder; and stories of Gopal Bhar, a court jester in medieval Bengal. The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh.

West Bengal is on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267sqmi).[2] The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636m (11,929ft), is the highest peak in the state.[97] The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands.

The coastal region of Purba Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation; the predominant tree is the Casuarina. From a phytogeographic viewpoint, the southern part of West Bengal can be divided into two regions: the Gangetic plain and the littoral mangrove forests of the Sundarbans.[111] The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile.[111] Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand.[111] The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree.